For those who didn't know, the survey was a collaboration of Uni Waterloo UK, Kings College London, Uni Carolina and Cancer Council Victoria. People who did the vaping survey 18 months back will have an email, here is the findings summary for others. What have we learned about smoking? Smokers vary greatly in how often they think about quitting. On average around 10% of smokers report having made a quit attempt in the last month, and a similar proportion report making a decision to do so but have not gone through with it. Most of these attempts fail, reflecting how difficult quitting is. Over the period of our study, smokers have become more willing to use help in quit attempts, and most smokers use help now, mainly nicotine replacement products. We have discovered that the things that encourage smokers to try to quit are somewhat different to the things that help them to stay smoke-free. What have we learnt about vaping? We know from our work and other larger surveys, that vaping is more common in the USA and the UK than in Australia where smokers vape less frequently, and fewer people have ever tried it. Well over a quarter of Australian smokers have vaped in the past, compared to around half in the comparison countries. This is what we might expect as vaping solutions are freely available in the UK and the USA while they are most restricted in Australia. Across the four comparison countries – 90% of those who vape daily report vaping nicotine. There is a little less use of nicotine in Australia, but still most vapers report using nicotine-containing liquids. Among those who report vaping, especially daily use, fewer are using vaping devices that look like cigarettes and/or are disposable, and more are now using tank systems which are larger devices that have a reservoir that is refilled from a bottle of vaping liquid. The more people vape, the less harmful they think it is. Most participants, including those who have never vaped, believe that smoking cigarettes is more harmful than vaping, while only a few people think that vaping might be more harmful. Around one third either consider vaping to be as harmful as smoking or admitted they didn’t know. There is strong public support in all four countries for restrictions on sales to minors as well as proper labelling and testing of products. These views are held by those who vape as well as those who do not. Those who vape are generally opposed to strong restrictions on the availability of nicotine-containing products. Most vapers reported improved health as a result of quitting smoking. These findings will be familiar to active vapers, but it's nice to see official research being done. I believe they're going to release another survey as their next step.